Mercedes-Benz 500 E made its first appearance at the Paris motor show in October 1990. This powerhouse of the 124 Series had surprisingly modest appearance. Only the somewhat more voluminous wings, the slightly lower body and a modified front apron with inset fog lamps differentiate it from the other models in the 124 series.
Only possible way to achieve smaller emissions and still deliver the same performanc as before, was to increase the engine displacement. Porsche decided not not to increase engine bore, but rather piston stroke. The result was the Porsche 911 2.4.
Back in the mid-60s Volkswagen was looking for a successor to its then rather outdated Type 34 sports coupe, better known as the Karmann Ghia. At the same time Porsche was striving to expand its position in the market with a sports car in the promising segment beneath the 911. Facing this challenge Ferry Porsche and VW’s CEO Heinrich Nordhoff agreed in spring 1966 on a joint venture destined to benefit both parties. Porsche was given the assignment by Volkswagen to develop a low-cost mid-engined sports car intended to enter the market as a Volkswagen with four cylinders and as a Porsche with a six-cylinder boxer engine.
After FIA reduced the engine capacity limit to 3 litres for prototypes in the World Constructors’ Championships at the end of 1967, Porsche designed the 908 sports car to have an even footing with its rivals in the competition for the title. Porsche 908 was the first Porsche sports car to have an engine with the maximum size allowed by the rules. Its new 3-litre engine was tailor-made to the large capacity class for the first time in the long motorsport history of Porsche.
In the 1970 Porsche 911’s engine capacity was increased from 2.0 to 2.2 litres. The new 2.2-litre engine was used in all versions of the 911. With a bigger displacement, the engine produced more power and better top performance, but the torque gain also improved driveability at lower speeds.
By the mid 1950s, Ferry Porsche had decided that completely new model was needed to maintain the technological edge of the Porsche brand. The planning work of the new model started in 1957, after Ferry Porsche had defined the key specifications for successor of the Porsche 356.