Marcel Renault was born in 1872 in Paris, France. His father, Alfred Renault had built a solid fortune in trade of fabrics and buttons and his mother Louise was a daughter of wealthy merchant. Marcel had two sisters and two brothers.
Louis Renault was born in 1877, in Paris, France. He was the fourth of six children of Alfred and Berthe Renault. Their father Alfred was a successful button manufacturer and fabric merchant. Louis Renault was fascinated by engineering and mechanics from an early age. At the family’s country home in Billancourt, outside Paris, he converted its garden shed into his first workshop.
Just a few months after launching his first car, the Voiturette Type A, Louis Renault was already thinking how it could be improved. For his first car, Renault placed the emphasis on robust design. For the Voiturette Type B, the key note was comfort.In 1899, he endowed his first car model with a roof, thus developing the vehicle today considered as the world’s first saloon.
After the successful 4CV, Renault unveiled the new Dauphine in 1956. Like its predecessor, the Renault Dauphine was a four-door sedan. Dauphine had a roomy interior offering seats for four people. The dashboard layout was uncluttered, with a red and black steering wheel and matching seats. Dauphine presented also some new features, such as the adjustable seats and heating.
The Alpine A106 was the brainchild of a motoring enthusiast, Jean Rédelé. Rédelé was quite succesful racing driver, but his dream was to design a small French sports model using production parts. Rédéle bought a Renault 4CV in 1952 to compete in rally. However, the car was heavy and not sufficiently aerodynamic. After a few inconclusive attempts, Rédelé teamed up with the Chappe brothers, coachbuilders in Saint-Maur outside Paris. The brothers were already experts in plastic technologies. In 1955 their partnership produced the Alpine A106, an attractive car with a polyester body built on a 4CV platform.