The second generation Volkswagen Scirocco (EA 491) was based on the engineering platform of the Volkswagen Golf. Thanks to the car’s length, which was extended from 3.85 to 4.05 meters, the overall softer lines of the Volkswagen Scirocco had a very elegant effect and also offered more space for people and luggage.
On June 22, 1934 the Reichsverband der Deutschen Automobilindustrie (RDA) (National Association of the German Automobile Industry) commissioned Ferdinand Porsche for a design of a new people’s car. In Ferdinand Porsche’s opinion, the people’s car, or volkswagen, should be a fully adequate and reliable automobile, although with a comparatively light construction style. It should offer room for four people, reach speeds of up to 100 km/h and be able to overcome gradients of 30 percent. The first prototype had an air-cooled, 700cc boxer engine producing 22,5 hp. The prototype featured an independent suspension with torsion bars and friction shock absorbers. Although there were no hydraulic brakes yet, the braking was boosted mechanically using a corresponding control lever in the cable brake system. More prototypes were built for testing and development purposes before the car was unveiled in 1938 with a 986cc engine. However, because of the war, the mass production of the Beetle didn’t start until 1945.
Back in the mid-60s Volkswagen was looking for a successor to its then rather outdated Type 34 sports coupe, better known as the Karmann Ghia. At the same time Porsche was striving to expand its position in the market with a sports car in the promising segment beneath the 911. Facing this challenge Ferry Porsche and VW’s CEO Heinrich Nordhoff agreed in spring 1966 on a joint venture destined to benefit both parties. Porsche was given the assignment by Volkswagen to develop a low-cost mid-engined sports car intended to enter the market as a Volkswagen with four cylinders and as a Porsche with a six-cylinder boxer engine.
Volkswagen Scirocco debuted at the Geneva Motor Show in 1974. It succeeded the Karmann Ghia (internally designated the Type 14) that since 1966 had written automotive history with a fascinating design, proven Beetle technology and affordable prices. Like the Type 14, the Scirocco (developed under the code name EA398) was created at Karmann in Osnabrück.